fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Alejandro Mayorkas" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 20 Nov 2021 21:32:00 +0300
Subject: YOUR URGENT REPLY IS NEEDED ON THE RECEIPT OF THESE EMAIL !!!
3801 Nebraska Ave NW,
Washington, DC 20394, United States.
GREETINGS DEAR ESTEEMED BENEFICIARY AND EMAIL ADDRESS OWNER !!!
How are you doing today?
This message is coming to you from Alejandro Mayorkas, the incumbent United States Secretary of HOMELAND SECURITY DEPARTMENT AGENCY concerning your fund now in the amount of $23,000,000.00 which is now in my custody, I discovered that you have not received your fund after all your past efforts because of some corrupt diplomats and past officials demanding for unknown fees which made you to lose interest and give up on your fund.
My good news for you today is to announce to you the approval to finally receive your funds without hitch within 72 hours you reply back my email with the interest of receiving your total sum.
I want to let you know that our special female diplomat (STELLA) will proceed to your house according to information you provide to deliver these fund packages to you before she could return back to the office, so please reconfirm your delivery address below to avoid any wrong delivery.
Your delivery address :
Your Tel # :
I look forward to hearing from you.
Hon. Alejandro Mayorkas
U.S.A Department Of Homeland Security.