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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: peterson terry <>
Date: Wed, 17 Nov 2021 08:33:15 +0000
Subject: Good Day,

Good Day,

Pardon my intrusion into your privacy, I am Mr.Peterson, by name and I
have emailed you earlier a few weeks ago without any response from
you. I am sending you this second Email in respect of my late client
that bears the same last name with you, an Independent Contractor in
the Republic of Ivory Coast. On the 1st of December 2013, my client,
his wife and only daughter were involved in fatal road crash while
visiting a neighboring country on vacation; am compelled to do this
because I would not want the bank to push my client’s funds into the
bank treasury as unclaimed inheritance and the amount involved is
millions of dollars. He died together with his next of kin and as such
the funds now have an open beneficiary mandate. Fortunately both of
you have the same last name so it will be very easy to make you his
official next of kin and the money released to you and we share
according to our agreed sharing ratio. If you are interested kindly
get back to me so that i can give you Comprehensive details, here is
my private email,,,,,( )

Yours faithfully,
Mr.Peterson Terry.

Anti-fraud resources: