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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Barbara Harris <>
Date: Wed, 17 Nov 2021 08:07:54 +0000
Subject: My Dear Friend,

My Dear Friend,

This is my appreciation for your passed commitments in the
transaction.I realized your hands were tied up then.
I have transferred the Fund in a new Bank Account provided by a friend
of mine in Japan .I dropped an International Certified Bank Draft
worth US$1.2m (one million,two hundred thousand united state dollars)
to send to you in care of my Pastor (Mr Allen Morris) in NEW YORK as
compensation for your passed efforts. So contact her via this email
address: ( or forward my email to him.Send
to her your delivery information to him.

Take good care of yourself.
Best wishes,
Mrs Barbara Harris

Anti-fraud resources: