fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "abidjan" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Tanoh Anoma" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 18:09:57 -0800
My name is Mr. Tanoh Anoma , I am a banker and the personal account
manager to one of our deceased customers who worked with an oil
servicing company here in Cote DâIvoire (PETRO.IVOIRE), the deceased
client made a numbered time fixed deposit valued at US$13 .7 Million
in our bank branch office here before his
demise. Consequently, the account is without any registered next of
kin and has an open beneficiary mandate.
I am therefore soliciting for your assistance to come forward as the
Next of Kin for the procuring of the outstanding sum of US$ 13.7
Million which has been lying
idle in a trust account with our bank. The fund has overstayed and due
for recovery otherwise it will be covered by the bank as an unclaimed
fund and be returned to the
government treasury vault for their usage.
If you are interested in executing this lucrative business with me,
please reply with the following information of yours as it is below.
* Full name
* Age or Date of birth
* Telephone number
Upon receiving the above information, I will secure and submit to the
bank on your behalf, a letter of administration which will give you
the right to claim the funds
for remittance to your designated bank account.
I look forward to your urgent and positive response.
Mr. Tanoh Anoma
Abidjan, Ivory Coast