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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Miss Kimberly Aoussa <>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 17:31:39 +0000
Subject: Please Could you help me in this transaction?

I am sorry that my letter may come as a surprise to you. I solicit
your assistance for a fund transfer to your country for investment on
important projects. This fund is deposited with a bank by my late dad.
The amount to be transferred is Eleven Million Five Hundred Thousand
United States Dollars only. This money was inheritance from my late
father, If you are interested to help me i will accord you twenty
percent of the total fund as your commission. Please contact me here
if you could help: (
Miss Kim

Anti-fraud resources: