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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Unyamee <>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 05:28:15 -0800
Subject: I have registered your ATM VISA CARD

I have registered your ATM VISA CARD of (8.500,000,00USD) with FedEx
courier service with registration code of ( Shipment Code awb 33xzs).
please Contact with your delivery information such as:- Your Name,
Your Address and Your Telephone Number.

Name of Dir: Mrs Stephanie Smith
E-mail: (

I have paid for the Insurance & activation.The only fee you have to
pay is their delivery fee only.Please indicate the registration Number
and ask Her how much is their delivery fee so that you can pay it and
receiver your fund

Best Regards,
Mr David Unyamee

Anti-fraud resources: