fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "there are practically no risks involved" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Shahi bin Rashid <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 03:09:27 -0800
Subject: Hello Dear Friend,
Hello Dear Friend,
How are you doing? I hope it will be fine and lovely. I came to get
your contact as I am seeking for a faithful and trustworthy person
which you may be one. I want to undergo a huge transfer project with
you if you can let me trust you. My name is Ms. Shahi bin Rashid, I
am the head of the auditing department of the Barclays bank Leeds
Branch United Kingdom. I am an Arab British citizen, divorce with two
kids. I am writing to solicit for your assistance in the transfer of
funds valued at $ 4,750,000.00 ( four million seven hundred and fifty
thousand United States Dollars). This fund is the excess of what my
branch in which I am the Manager made as profit during the last
mid-year audition. I have already submitted an approved end of the
year report for the mid-year to my head office in London and they will
never know of this excess.
As an official and female of this bank I can not be directly
connected to this fund, so this informed me of contacting you for us
to work together for mutual benefits.I want you to assist in receiving
this fund into your bank account for us. Meanwhile you will have 30%
of the total fund. Note there are practically no risks involved as it
is going to be bank to bank transfer. All I need from you is to stand
as the original depositor of this fund who made the deposit with our
branch so that my Head office can order the transfer to your
designated bank account.
If you accept to work with me, I will appreciate it so much. As soon
as I receive your response via my email, I will give you details on
how we can achieve it successfully.
Ms. Shahi bin Rashid