fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "John C. Morrow" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "John C. Morrow" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 03:00:13 -0800
Subject: Did You Get My Message (John C. Morrow)
I'm currently working with Bank of Oklahoma Group plc as a Chief Accounting Officer. I in collaboration with deceased customer's account officer just discovered $16.1 m Dollars of the deceased customer who has no or any next of Kin on record before his demise.
Please can you work with me to claim this fund as the next of kin. I will provide with all the necessary details to contact the Bank directly as I guide you on how we can claim it and possibly invest it in your country. It's a matter of days. Very easy and simple. All I need is your total trust, sincerity and secrecy.
Contact me on my email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone: +1 (631) 386-8100
WhatsApp: +1 (539) 292-5935
Deceased account officer's name, Jamie Scott. WhatsApp number : +16193249835.
John C. Morrow
Chief Accounting Officer
& Senior Vice President