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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ms Diana Lorenz <>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 00:09:53 -0800
Subject: Attn! Our 2021 Beneficiary

Benin - Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU).
Rue 868/2356, Cotonou, Littoral, Republic of Benin.
From the desk of: Ms Diana Lorenz

Attention: Dear e-mail address owner!

I am Mrs Diana Lorenz, Director and President of the Financial
Intelligence Unit in Benin. We wish to inform you that the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington, DC, USA, has visited
our country to investigate online fraud investigations. You received
this information today because your email address was found on the
list of fraud victims in this country and those with outstanding

For more information, (IWF), Washington, DC. is compensating people
who have been defrauded outside our country and whose email address is
on these victim lists. (IMF) has instructed UBA Bank to transfer your
compensation fund worth $2,500,000.00 via an ATM VISA CARD.

However, we have chosen to use an ATM card to remit this fund worth
USD 2,500,000.00 (two million five hundred thousand USD) to you. We
cannot make this payment based on your email address alone. Therefore,
we need your information as;

(1) Your full name:
(2) Your residential address:
(3) Your country:
(4) Postcode:
(5)Your direct telephone number:
(6)Copy of a valid identity card:

Your ATM card is ready for delivery. You must immediately send the
above information to Mr Emmaqnuel Rene, Your accountant officer email
address ( ) so that he can register your ATM card
with the delivery company for onward delivery to your address.

NOTE: If you find the message in a spam folder (as junk mail), this
may be due to your IP address or a slow internet connection. Move it
to your inbox before replying.

With kind regards
Ms Diana Lorenz,
(FIU) Director / President.

Anti-fraud resources: