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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Janet Yellen <>
Date: Mon, 15 Nov 2021 22:47:27 -0800
Subject: US$4.8Million dollars

Good day!!!

I have been waiting for you since to contact me for your total fund of
US$4.8Million Dollars but I didn't hear from you since then therefore
because of the impossibility of your fund transfer through Western
Union and Money Gram Office, I have credited your total sum of
US$4.8Million dollars into an ATM VISA CARD and I went and registered
it with the FedEx Express Delivery Company, Cotonou-Benin. For safety
purpose meanwhile you are advice to contact Mr. Joseph Hoch, Director
of FedEx Express company, with your delivery address.

Note: I have paid for the shipping fee except their security keeping
charges which I wanted to pay them but they said no because they don't
know when you will contact them in case of demurrage.

The following is the Contact Information of Mr. Joseph Hoch, Director
of the FedEx Express Delivery Company, Cotonou-Benin:

E-Mail Address:

Contact him and let him know that you are the owner of the ATM card
worth the sum of US$4.8Million Dollars deposited in his care.

Please I advise you to reconfirm your delivery address and forward to
him for immediate delivery:

(1) Your full name
(2) Your delivery address
(3) Your direct phone number, so that they will deliver your ATM Card
to your home address immediately.

Like I said earlier I have paid for the shipping fee except their
security keeping fees only.

Mrs. Janet Yellen.

Anti-fraud resources: