fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Infor From Bank Of America <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 01:21:10 +0000
Subject: Attention: Customer Your Fund Transfer $2.8MILLION,
Bank of America New York Head Office of (Paying Bank)
Bank of America Tower at One Bryant Park is a 1,200 ft
(366 m) skyscraper in the Midtown district of Manhattan
in New York City, in the United States.
Attention: Customer Your Fund Transfer $2.8MILLION,
We are hereby officially notify you concerning your fund
telegraphic,Transfer through our bank, Bank of America, New York, to
your bank account, which has been officially approved by the
management of World Bank Swiss (WBS) to credit the sum of
US$$2.8MILLION, into your bank account. This fund was part of the
lodged Late President Saddam Hussein of Iraq discovery fund with World
Bank of Switzerland, which the Swiss Bank has decided to distribute it
generously to help few lucky individuals and the American Government
is in agreement with the Swiss Bank to distribute the fund to 700
hundred thousand people in America, Europe & Asia in other to help
improve their businesses
These are the information we needed to be reconfirmed by you.and you
are advise to reply here ( email@example.com ) as soon as you
get this message for the immediately process to transfer the money
into your bank account once the information is provide by you,
1.Your full name
2.Your Direct Cell
Mr. Peter John Brady,