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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr Victor Pinchuk <>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 00:49:11 +0000
Subject: Attention dear beneficiary

I'm Victor Pinchuk, a Ukrainian billionaire businessman, oligarch and also
an international investing, project funding and financial advisory company
and of Interpipe Group in Ukraine (Europe). you can read about me on:

You have won a (quarter) portion of my Net-worth $2,500,000 USD each to 4
individuals worldwide as part of our charity project, which I have been
banking on. If you have received a text from Pinchuk Foundation, kindly
send us your details so that we can direct our bank to effect the transfer
of the funds $2,500,000 USD,hoping it would be of help to you and others

Reply with your informations to our email address

Best Regards
Dr Victor Pinchuk

Anti-fraud resources: