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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Amancio Ortega" <>
Date: Mon, 15 Nov 2021 15:41:09 -0800
Subject: Donation fund from Mr Ortega Amancio

Hello: Sir
You have been gifted $2 MILLION USD in 2021 Donation Funds and I know
you will be curious to know why how I selected you to receive a cash.

I Mr. Amancio Ortega and my wife Rosalia fashion businessman and
founding chairman of the Inditex fashion group ,of Zara clothing
showrooms around the world ,we are mapping out this donation funds
every Year to 20 countries all over the world where our company is
been located in the world.
Please respond for full details via:

Mr. Amancio Ortega

Anti-fraud resources: