fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. David West" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 16 Nov 2021 00:30:26 +0100
Subject: IRREVOCABLE PAYMENT ORDER VIA ATM CARD-
IRREVOCABLE PAYMENT ORDER VIA (ATM CARD.)
We have actually been authorized by the United Nations Secretary-
General, and the governing body of the UNITED NATIONS Monetary
Unit, to investigate the unnecessary delay on your payment,
recommended and approved in your favor. During the course of our
investigation, we discovered with dismay that your payment has
been unnecessarily delayed by corrupt officials of the Bank who
are trying to divert your funds into their private accounts.
To forestall this, security for your funds was organized in the
form of your Personal Identification Number (PIN) (ATM CARD) and
this will enable only you to have direct control over your funds
in the (ATM CARD). We will monitor this payment ourselves to
avoid the hopeless situation created by the Officials of the
bank. An irrevocable payment guarantee has been issued by the
Presidency of the United State on your payment. However, we are
happy to inform you that based on our
recommendation/instructions, your complete contract funds has
been credited in your favor through (ATM CARD).
You are therefore advised to contact: MRS. Anna Gray,, the
GENERAL MANAGER OPERATIONS, through the e-mail address:
email@example.com Contact her now for the delivery of your
(ATM CARD). As soon as you establish a contact with her, an ATM
card will be issued to you immediately that you can use to
withdraw your funds in any ATM machine in any part of the world
But, the maximum is Five Thousand dollars per day. So if you like
to receive your funds through this means you are advised to
contact the ATM card payment center with the following information as stated below:
(1A) HOME PHONE NUMBER:
(1B) CELL/MOBILE PHONE NUMBER:
(2) YOUR ADDRESS WHERE YOU WANT YOUR ATM CARD SENT :
(P.O BOX NOT ACCEPTABLE)
(3) YOUR AGE:
(4) YOUR FULL NAME:
(5) ID VERIFICATION ATTACH:
NOTE: WITH YOUR CORRECT AND VALID DETAILS. ALSO, BE INFORMED THAT
THE AMOUNT TO BE PAID NOW IS $2.5 MILLION.
We expect your urgent response to this email to enable us to
monitor this payment effectively, thereby, making contact with
MRS. Anna Gray, as directed to avoid further delay.
Mr. David West