fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Abas Bin Omer" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 10 Nov 2021 15:28:16 -0800
Subject: Greetings and how are you doing today?
Greetings and how are you doing today?
I came across your e-mail contact prior to a private search. I am
really in need of your kind assistance in realizing a deal. My name is
Mr. Abas Bin Omer, and I am working at the Auditing and Accounting
department here in my Bank. There is a fund that was kept in custody
of my Bank years ago and I need your assistance for the transfer of
this fund to your bank account for the benefit of both of us for
lifetime investment and the amount is Twenty Three Million Five
Hundred Thousand United States Dollars (US$23.5 Million).
I have made every inquiry about the money and I have full proof
details to make the Bank authority believe you are beneficiary of the
fund and will release the fund to your bank account within 7 working
days upon submitting a claim application to the Bank. With your full
cooperation with me I can get the Bank to transfer the money to you,
and after the successful transfer of the money to your Account we can
share the amount 40% for you and 60% for me.
Below you will see the list of information that I will need from you.
Please reply to me if you accept this Business deal I proposed to you.
Reply to my private e-mail Address that is given below.
Mr.Abas Bin Omer.