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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Ruth Curley <>
Date: Wed, 10 Nov 2021 21:49:25 +0100
Subject: ATTN: My Dear

We have programmed an ATM MASTER CARD with your name and uploaded your
total fund of ($9.8 Million) in the Card so that you will be
withdrawing with it in any ATM MACHINE. The ATM MASTER CARD works
worldwide and the daily amount WITHDRAW according to our programming
system is(US$15,000.00) Fifteen Thousand Dollars only.

I, Mrs. Ruth Curley, have made the delivery arrangement with DHL
DELIVERY COMPANY Cape Verde that will carry on the delivery to your
given address and the Director told me that Delivery of the ATM MASTER
CARD to your house will be smooth without delay.

He assured me that their Company takes good 2-days to complete any
delivery registered with an accurate address. So you are advised to
send your full address such as

Full Name:______
Home Address:___


Zip code:____
Telephone Number:___

Mrs. Ruth Curley

Anti-fraud resources: