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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 10 Nov 2021 11:19:06 -0800
Subject: Greetings

How are you doing and how is your family? I hope everyone is fine and
healthy. My name is Felix Edmund Otis. I heard that you have been
scammed multiple times without receiving anything like your fund or
consignment box.
Is that true or false?
i know that this message will be surprise to you but
It will be very good to hear from you as soon as possible on how to
deal with the situation at hand.
Thank you and be blessed
Best Regards Felix Edmund Otis.

Anti-fraud resources: