fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Fredrick G. Edward" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 11 Nov 2021 00:42:44 +0600
Subject: Attention :
Bank Of America,
100 North Tryon Street, Charlotte, NC
United States of America.
Attention! Attention!! Attention!!!,
The Bank Of America wishes to bring to your notice that copy of your
letter which was deposited here by late Mr. Max Hansen's lawyer has
finally been released after 72 working days of legal perusal and
verification.According to the letter, he ''Late Max Hansen'' who wrote
and I quote,
"Upon my death, It's my wish that my body and essence undergo the
rites of Mummification of Transference. To that end, I specifically
direct the following".
The sum of $15 million dollars will be transfer to you as the
beneficiary and get back to this honorable bank with your information
including your bank details where you want your fund transferred to as
further information will be given to you.
Thank you for your understanding and cooperation.
Mr. Fredrick G. Edward,
Bank Of America, North Carolina, United States.