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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Patricia Levi" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 10 Nov 2021 10:20:57 -0800
Subject: Treasury And Deposit Management

I am Mrs. Patricia Levi, I work with Cayman National Bank (Cayman Islands).

I am contacting you because my status would not permit me to do this alone as it is concerning our customer and an investment placed underour bank's management over 5 years ago.

I have a proposal I would love to discuss with you which will be very beneficial to both of us. It's regarding my late client who has a huge deposit with my bank.

I want to seek your consent to present you as the next of kin so that my bank will have the deposit released to you as the beneficiary.

I would respectfully request that you keep the contents of this mail confidential and respect the integrity of the information you come by as a result of this mail.

Please kindly get back to me for more details if I can TRUST YOU

Mrs. Patrici
Treasury and Deposit Management,
Cayman national bank, Cayman Islands

Anti-fraud resources: