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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Kofi Koduah Sarpong" <>
Date: Wed, 10 Nov 2021 18:46:38 +0100
Subject: Request to invest $7Million Dollars with you

Good day to you sir.
I know this email will come as a surprise to you. I am contacting you
in good faith believing that with mutual trust, honesty and
cooperation, you will help me receive the sum of $7,000,000:00 Million
US Dollars deposited in my Country Diplomatic Security Vault at
Toronto. Canada.
I am Dr.Kofi Koduah Sarpong the Chief Executive Officer Ghana
National Petroleum Corporation {GNPC} which is one of the major
suppliers of Crude Oil to USA and other part of the World. This is our
There was a Contract Awarded to a Foreign private Company in 2013 to
the tune of$500,000,000:00 Million USD and I secretly inserted
additional Crude Oil valued at $7,000,000:00Million USD which the
Company has sold and deposited my share of the $7,000,000:00 Million
USD in a Safe Box with Ghana Diplomatic Security Vault at Toronto.
The Diplomatic office contacted me that the Box containing the $7
Million Dollars is ready for claims. But for the fact that I am a
Government official {Civil Servant}, and we are constitutionally
banned by law from operating foreign account, hence, I am contacting
you to receive the fund on my behalf.
There is no risk involved because I am going to use my top position to
register your name as the beneficiary so that you can meet my Country
Diplomat at Toronto. Canada to receive the Fund.
Please reply urgent so that we can discuss details and your benefit.
My Telephone is +233 238 720444.
Dr. Kofi Koduah Sarpong
Chief Executive Officer{CEO},
Ghana National Petroleum Corporation{GNPC}.

Anti-fraud resources: