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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Julius Kpako." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 8 Nov 2021 15:04:54 -0800
Subject: Re:Business Proposal !! M

Dear Friend,

How are you and your family doing during this global pandemic?i hope you and your family are Safe?please try and keep all safety measures,maintaining social distancing and use of hand sanitizers etc.we must all survive it,My name is Mr.Julius Kpako a branch manager of financial institution Ghana West Africa.I decided to contact you directly for an assistance.After several official inquiries from Country Searchable Directory,

I am interested to transfer and invest in your country through your assistance.I am in Ghana presently and I have the sum of Eleven Million Two hundred thousand US Dollars which I would like to transfer into your account and invest in your country if possible.

I made this money US$11,200,000.00 out of my branch office excess profit for the 2017 fiscal year.I choose you because I cannot be directly involve for I am still working with the bank as the Branch Manager,I hope you can understand my situation and assist me to receive and invest this money properly in your country.because this is my only will be a deal between you and me without any Risk from you,

Please if you are interested in this business proposal.then kindly get back to me through my private E-mail for obvious security reasons:

Best regards,

Mr.Julius Kpako.

Anti-fraud resources: