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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Esther Heidi <>
Date: Sat, 6 Nov 2021 11:55:24 +0100

Dear Sir / Madam

My name is Mrs Esther Heidi. I decided to find confidential
cooperation with you to complete a transaction for our mutual benefit.
I hope you keep it a secret to the nature of the transaction. During
our audit last month, I discovered an unclaimed / abandoned fund
totaling $ 3.5 million to a bank account owned by a customer who
unfortunately lost his life and his whole family in a car accident.

Now our bank was waiting for one of the relatives to come for claims,
but no one did.
now I sincerely ask for your consent to introduce you as the next of
kin / will of the deceased, the income from this account is estimated
at {3.5 million United States dollars} can be paid to you and we will
share them in these percentage ratio, 60% to me and 40% to you. All I
ask is your utmost sincere cooperation; trust and maximum
confidentiality successfully achieve this project.
I carefully mapped out morality to execute this transaction legally in
agreement to protect you from any violation of the law as in your
country and here in my country when the fund is transferred to your
bank account.

I will need to provide all relevant documents that will be asked to
indicate that you are the legal beneficiary of this inheritance, and
our bank will return the funds to you without any additional delay.
After considering and accepting this proposal, please send me the
following information as indicated below so we can proceed and
transfer these funds to the bank account you specified immediately. I
know a lot about the existence of this fund and the secrets
surrounding that money. Please reply me through my personal Email,...

-Your full name:
-Your contact address:
-Your direct mobile phone number:
-Your date of birth:
-Your occupation:

As I await your quick and favorable response and reassurance, so we
start this transfer as soon as possible.

Yours faithfully,
Mrs. Esther Heidi

Anti-fraud resources: