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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Dudley <>
Date: Fri, 5 Nov 2021 16:32:21 -0700
Subject: Re: Reply


This is to inform you that the Scotland Yard Police, Interpol, Federal
Bureau of Investigation, (FBI) United States of America and the
Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) of Nigeria have come
together to stop scam/internet fraud in Nigeria and all around
Africa.In this venture we have recovered over US$2.6 Billion Dollars
from the fraudsters we presently have behind bars. Watch the video
links below of some fraudsters whom were arrested in Nigeria:

We are aware that lots of foreigners out there have been deceived and
lost their hard earn
money to these fraudsters after promising them percentages in their
letters/e-mails for their impending help to move funds out of
Africa/United Kingdom/Asia, including fake lottery winning.

To that effect, we are sending you this e-mail because your contact
details were given to us as one of the scam victims who lost their
hard earn money to these fraudsters. You have now been discovered and
awarded a Reconciliation payment by the above mention Bodies, with
funds recovered from these fraudsters.

To retain the good image of Nigeria and the rest of Africa countries,
it was agreed by the above mentioned Bodies and the Nigerian
Government to reconcile all scam victims who lost their money to these
fraudsters with the sum of US$837,216.00 [Eight Hundred And Thirty
Seven Thousand Two Hundred And Sixteen United Stated Dollars Only].
This we assume will help you start up a new life. Please, accept this
little amount in good faith.

You are required to respond back with your details such as:

1) Your Full Name
2) Your House Address
3) Your Telephone Number
4) Your Occupation
5) Your Age/Sex.

This information will help us to carry on the process of getting your
fund to you. Keep us posted as to enable us follow up with the release
of your payment.

Mr.James Dudley

Anti-fraud resources: