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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Alphonsus Adams <>
Date: Fri, 5 Nov 2021 08:32:50 -0700
Subject: Dear Sir/ma

Dear Sir/ma

My name is Alphonso Adams, I came across your e-mail contact prior to
a private search while in need of an honest and sincere person to
assist and partner with me to secure some unclaimed funds for

I am attorney here in London (UK), I want to use this opportunity to
discuss some left over money by my late client, the money in question
belong to one of my client who died on 2016 in an accident, my client
deposited the money with our bank here in UK without any next of kin
attached to it and I am his attorney since all these years. I need a
reliable partner to move and invest the fund. for more details if
you are interested.

For further detailed information. I wait for your most urgent and
swift positive response.

Thank you and Warm Regards .

Alphonsus Adams.

Anti-fraud resources: