fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Ali Yusuf <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 4 Nov 2021 22:59:18 +0100
This is my second mail to you without any responds, but I decided to
write again in-case you did not receive the first one. Please I want
to confirm if you are the owner of this email ID. My reason is because
I have an information that I want to pass to you. Once again My Name
is MR.ALI YUSUF, I work with First Bank, I do not know if I am talking
to the right person, All I want is a confirmation from you that I am
communicating with the right owner of this mail. I will furnish you
with the information that I have as soon as you respond to this.I am
taking this preventive measure because I do not want to speak to the
wrong person for security reasons Looking forward for your response.