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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Laura Joe <>
Date: Thu, 4 Nov 2021 18:28:43 +0100
Subject: Compliment of the day to you.


Compliment of the day to you.

I am Mrs Laura Joe; I am sending this brief letter to solicit your
partnership to transfer $19.5 million US Dollars. I shall send
you more information and procedures when I receive positive response
from you. please send me a message in my Email box and here is

Best Regards,
Mrs Laura Joe

Anti-fraud resources: