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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. DAVID MARK" <>
Date: Mon, 1 Nov 2021 14:42:59 +0100

*Based on instructions given to us to affect the payment of US$10,500
000.00 to you please reconfirm the information for us to make sure we are
dealing with the right person. Please send your reply to this email
address: <> Your full name :
Address : Contact telephone : Upon the reconfirmation of the above
information more details will be given to you. Thanks. David Mark
Director ATM CARD PAYMENT CENTER DIRECT TEL: +234 8054574322 *

Anti-fraud resources: