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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs theresa ann <>
Date: Sun, 31 Oct 2021 03:10:37 -0700
Subject: Your $4.9 Million usd has credited in an ATM card

Hello Beloved fund owner,

This Message is from our head office to inform you that your long time
waiting fund is ready and credited in an atm card and ready to be
delivering to you.

Kindly reconfirm your full details below:

Your Full Name:
Your Home Address:
Your Tell Number:
copy of your id

My regards
Mrs theresa ann

Barrister John Williams

Anti-fraud resources: