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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Paul Donofrio <>
Date: Sun, 31 Oct 2021 05:32:23 +0100



With due respect. Be informed that I have written to you before
reminding you of the said funds $26.1 but to my surprise you have not
responded till date.

Therefore consider this email as my last notification to you regarding
the said funds release because I am under pressure to process and
release the funds to Jerome F. Karlz following the sworn affidavit he
submitted today authorizing him to represent you and receive the total
funds $26.1m on your behalf as your next of kin.

Please reply and confirm this to us urgently with your contact details
for documentation:

1. Your full name:
2. Your Contact address
3. Your contact cell phone number:
4. Your age:
5. Your sex:
6. Your occupations:
7. Your country and city:

I await your response
Yours Faithfully
Mr. Paul D. Donofrio
Chief Financier Officer
Bank of America

Anti-fraud resources: