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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr John Thomas <>
Date: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 03:36:38 -0700
Subject: Best Regards,,

Best regards,

This mail may be a surprise to you because you did not give me the
permission to do so and neither do you know me but before I tell you
about myself I want you to please forgive me for sending this mail
without your permission. I am writing this letter in confidence
believing that if it is the will of God for you to help me and my
family, God almighty will bless and reward you abundantly. I need an
honest and trustworthy person like you to entrust this huge transfer
project unto.

My name is Mr John Thomas kofi, The Branch Manager of a Financial
Institution. I got your contact through a reliable source called the
database through Ghana chamber of commerce. I am a Ghanaian married
with 3 kids. I am writing to solicit your assistance in the transfer
of US$12,500,000.00 Dollars. This fund is the excess of what my branch
in which I am the manager made as profit this year (i.e. 2020
financial year). I have already submitted an annual report for half a
year to my head office in Accra-Ghana as I have watched with keen
interest as they will never know of this excess. I have since placed
this amount on an Escrow Coded account without a beneficiary
(Anonymous) to avoid trace.

As an officer of the bank, I cannot be directly connected to this
money thus I am impelled to request for your assistance to receive
this money into your bank account on my behalf. I agree that 40% of
this money will be for you as a foreign partner, in respect to the
provision of a foreign account, and 60% would be for me. I do need to
stress that there is practically no risk involved in this. It's going
to be a bank-to-bank transfer OR E-online transfer. All I need from
you is to stand as the original depositor of this fund so that the
fund can be transferred to your account.

If you accept this offer, I will appreciate your timely response to
me. This is the reason why I contacted you, I am willing to go into
partnership investment with you owing to your wealth of experience, So
please if you are interested in assisting on this venture kindly
contact me back for a brief discussion on how to proceed.

All correspondence must be via my private telephone number
+233-553867981 and whatsapp, and E-mail( for
obvious security reasons.

Best regards,
Mr John thomas kofi,

Anti-fraud resources: