fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "the diplomat " ("diplomats" who perform deliveries of cash or other valuables to you only exist in 419 scams)
- "high court" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "federal high court" (This court is often mentioned in '419' scams to give the victim a reason why he/she should send thousands of dollars to the scammers. A 'Federal High Court' exists in Germany and Nigeria, but not in other countries, such as the UK, Spain, Netherlands, Senegal, Benin, South Africa or other countries where fake lawyers in scams often claim to be based. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- name- agent mr. richard johnson e-mail address (email@example.com) contact number +1(231)6555192 so contact him to deliver (Gmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Robert Mark" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 11:04:03 +0100
Subject: Attention Beneficiary
Hello, How are you doing?
We have finally succeeded in getting your ATM CARD PACKAGE worthy of
$10.5million out for delivery with the help of Att. John Dagar,
Attorney General of Federal High Court of Justice Benin Republic which
act as your foreign Attorney representative here in Benin Republic.
So every necessary arrangement has been made successfully with the
Agent Mr. Richard Johnson, for your package and every Documents
guiding your delivery is well updated so you are advice to re-confirm
your full delivery information to the delivery Agent right now as he
is currently at John F. Kennedy Intercontinental Airport, New York
City with your ATM CARD package, As he called me this morning to
inform me that he misplaced your delivery address which he has.
So you are advice to reconfirm your full information to the diplomat
and call him with this number +1(231)6555192. Furthermore you are
advice to be very fast as the Agent Mr. Richard Johnson has no time to
waste due to his flight reschedule.
So the Information you are Required to Reconfirm to the Agent is as Follow.
(1) Full names:
(4) Telephone Number:
Reply back to me right away or you drop a message at:
Name- Agent Mr. Richard Johnson
E-mail Address (email@example.com)
Contact number +1(231)6555192
So contact him to deliver your package today or first thing tomorrow
morning at most and get back to me after the delivery.
Dr. Robert Mark