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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr John Hill <>
Date: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 13:49:38 -0700
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary

Hello I am John Hill from FBI unit,i have been instructed by our FBI
Director Christopher Wray, to inform you that out of our thorough
investigation lately ,we found out that one of the abandoned valid
Packages such as ATM Cards And Consignment Boxes worth $10.5 million
United State Dollars by diplomatic agents who complained that the
beneficiaries were not able to provide the anti terrorist clearance
certificate to guide and show that the fund is no way related to fraud
or drug money,with the information we have here , we found out that
one of the funds belongs to you.

And you are meant to report back quick with the fee for the needed
certificate(anti terrorist clearance certificate) which is $150, in
conclusion you are advised to stop any transaction you are doing now
for this fund ,because your fund is now under our custody and we will
deliver it to you by our self.

Get back to us quick for the information you will use to send the
money and also to avoid any more delay on your fund and make sure you
provide your phone number as well for easy communication.

John Hill
FBI Special Agent
contact email(

Anti-fraud resources: