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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Isaac Boakoh Eric <>
Date: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 19:47:56 +0100
Subject: cooperation

Dear Sir,

I really need your help here and your cooperation in the matter below.

My late principal used his position as port CEO to moved out huge fund
to a foreign land for an undisclosed Foreign Partner which I “ALONE”
aware of it, I want you to liaise with me to process the fund over to
you as that "Partner" and move over these fund to you in your country
or any other country where you have the ability to receive it for us
to share.

Should this explanation meet your understanding and you are
comfortable with the details, then make haste to write me back for
more detail

Isaac E

Anti-fraud resources: