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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "" <>
Date: Sun, 24 Oct 2021 10:20:45 +0200
Subject: investment proposal

Good day

Good day, my name is Mr. James Zuma a cousin brother to Mr. Jacob Zuma
(former president of South Africa). I want to transfer the amount
of US$38,000,000.00 dollars (Thirty Eight Million United State
Dollars) into your account overseas for investment purposes.

Please I need your assistance for investment in any good business in your
country, my interest is in Construction, Real Estate, Agriculture,
Transportation or any business you may have knowledge of.

If you are interested, kindly contact me. I have mapped out 30% of
the total sum for you and 70% will be used for investment purposes.

Tel: +27832469877

Yours faithfully
Mr. James Zuma

Anti-fraud resources: