fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. LeRoy Christopher" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 2021 10:55:49 +0000
My name is Mr. LeRoy Christopher; I am a banker and the personal
account manager of one of our deceased clients of his nationality who
was a contractor of an oil and gas services company called
(PETRO-IVOIRE) here in Ivory Coast. The deceased client made a
numbered fixed-time deposit valued at: $ 5,726,405.00 (Five million
seven hundred twenty-six thousand, four hundred and five dollars) at
our bank branch before his disappearance.
The account currently has no registered relatives and the funds now
have an open mandate of beneficiaries. Therefore, I request your help
to present yourself as the next of kin of the deceased for the
acquisition of the outstanding amount of $ 5,726,405.00 (Five million
seven hundred twenty-six thousand, four hundred and five dollars) that
has been inactive in a suspense account with our bank since the funds
have stayed longer and now due to recovery; otherwise, the bank will
cover it as unclaimed funds and be returned to the government treasury
vault for its own use.
I will give you more details as soon as I receive your positive
response to run this lucrative business with me.