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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Julia Fabian <>
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 2021 10:46:42 +0100

My name is Mrs. Julia Fabian. I'm a legal practitioner. Please, I have an
important and confidential thing to discuss with you regarding a business
proposal. And most importantly, I need your trust and sincerity on this.
Please, I would like you to contact me for more information on the transfer
of ($7.9M) left by my late client. I would like to present you as a
business partner and next of kin of the fund. I will give you the details
of this transaction as soon as you show your sincere interest.

I wait for your positive response

Best Regards,
Julia Fabian

Anti-fraud resources: