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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Marc Rufon" <>
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 2021 09:05:26 -0700
Subject: My Dear Friend,

My Dear Friend,

My name is Dr.Marc Rufon; I got your address in Burkina Faso chamber of
commerce through details. I need your urgent assistance in Transferring the
sum of (22.5000,000)Million Dollars fund which Belongs to our deceased
ustomer who died in A plane crash, since the Death of this our customer the
money has been in our bank without Claim. I want to release the money to
you as the deceased NEXT OF KIN For the benefit of both of us. By
indicating your interest I will send you the full details on how the
business will be executed. I need to Hear from you urgent so that I will
give you more information regarding this transaction.

Waiting for your urgent response so that we will starts immediately.

Dr.Marc Rufon,

Anti-fraud resources: