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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Anthony Gabriel <>
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 2021 08:58:23 +0100
Subject: Attention Dear beneficiary

FORM BMW Dealership
Hello how are you doing I am Benjamin Edward from The BMW Delivery
Agent and I am written t o inform you
about your BMW winning fund that brought by the United Embassy from
the government
of USA in the white house Washington DC The 1 BMW X6 jeeps and a check
of $10.5 millions USD Have Been Mandated
to be deliver to your address as soon as you get back to me with the
sum of $50 which is been demanded by the truck driver that will drive
it to your house. So you need to try and get back to me urgently with
The Following Details

Your current home address……?
Your full name…………………?
Next of kin................?
You received my message OK
Best regard Mr Anthony Gabrel

Anti-fraud resources: