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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Daniel Embolo <>
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 2021 06:40:46 +0100
Subject: Hello,


I got your email through a database and after going through your
profile, I decided to reach out to you.

I am a professional agent and my Principal, a former Top Libyan
Politician, has asked me to look for an investment manager. That could
take available investment funds as loan on a one-digit interest rate
repayable in full after 10 years. Funds readily available is over 100M

Your swift response is highly needed.

Mr. Embolo Daniel.

Anti-fraud resources: