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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joseph Jordan <>
Date: Thu, 21 Oct 2021 21:37:09 -0300
Subject: Hello

Attention Potential Beneficiary,

My name is Mr. Joseph Jordan, a banker with PNC Bank New York, I hereby
solicit for your urgent reply to assist me in claiming a deceased
customer's fund as the next of kin since you bear the same surname (last
name) with the deceased, though I was the account officer to the
before he died.

Meanwhile, the funds involved is USD$18.4 million, the deceased person
contacted corona virus in December 2019 while in China with the family
vacation died after a month and three weeks later the entire family
away, leaving behind no one to stand as next of kin, since then I have
all efforts to locate any family member but to no avail.

After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided to contact you
you bear the same surname. I have some related documents in my
as the account officer to back up your claim as the next of kin.

Please I await your careful response to enable me detail you the way
forward. Again, I want you to be discreet about this for the safety of
good office/position.

Mr. Joseph Jordan

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