fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: =?UTF-8?Q?Ant=C3=B3nio_Guterres?= <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 2021 09:38:29 -0700
Subject: Greetings from United Nations.
Greetings from United Nations.
I am Mr. AntÃ³nio Guterres U N Secretary-General, I'm contacting you
concerning your long awaited compensate of scam Victim value sum of
US$5 million dollars only that forwarded here after meeting holding by
the great U N and World bank, Kindly contact Mr.Moussa Faki Mahamat
and provide your full name and home address so that you can receive
your fund through this office. It's our pleasure to compensate you
regarding your experience based of what is going on in this world
today by dishonest peoples that try to ripe where did not sow, the
fund that we have map out is with us now and you are advise to get
back to us with your full details as requested.
Person to Contact: Moussa Faki Mahamat
Phone: +229 53631972
Making the world a better place
Secretary-General AntÃ³nio Guterres