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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Ted Vogel" <>
Date: Sat, 16 Oct 2021 06:42:47 -0700


I am pleased to contact you on a business platform, as an investment
Officer representing a Middle East Investment Group.

Our investment company is willing to partner as silent investors with
any corporate organizations and individual business/project owners
ranging through several fields and areas of specialization that are
seeking investment capital to enhance their projects.

Having considered engaging in a profit-oriented business
(existing/proposed) ventures with potential organizations, Our company
will be interested to provide bridge financing into any lucrative
investment opportunity that requires investment capital.

If you found our proposal interesting, we would be delighted to engage
in detailed communication for possible investment collaboration.

I am at your service,

Mr. Ted Vogel,
Chief Investment Officer,
HY Credit Ltd, Hong Kong.

Anti-fraud resources: