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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: FBI <>
Date: Sat, 16 Oct 2021 12:25:36 +0100
Subject: FBI Special Agent Amy Hess

Hello I'm Ms Amy Hess the FBI Special Agent, I want to confirm from
you the reason why you decided to abandon your outstanding fund the
sum of US$2,500,000.00? This Funds is a compensation from the IMF due
your uncompleted transactions, your total funds is $2.500,000.00 US
Dollars only, as a Federal Commission we are here to protect your
interest and the interest of all citizens of the United States, your
funds are intact and will get to you without any problem.

Yours faithfully,
FBI Special Agent Amy Hess

Anti-fraud resources: