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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 22:16:15 -0700
Subject: *****SPAM***** ATTN; DEAR,

Software zur Erkennung von "Spam" auf dem Rechner

hat die eingegangene E-mail als mögliche "Spam"-Nachricht identifiziert.
Die ursprüngliche Nachricht wurde an diesen Bericht angehängt, so dass
Sie sie anschauen können (falls es doch eine legitime E-Mail ist) oder
ähnliche unerwünschte Nachrichten in Zukunft markieren können.
Bei Fragen zu diesem Vorgang wenden Sie sich bitte an


Vorschau: ATTN; DEAR, This is Mrs. JENNIFER JOHNSON , I have registered
your ATM CARD to thePOST OFFICE BENIN REPUBLIC so that they will Post it
to your home address and I believe your current address is still the same.
Yo [...]

Inhaltsanalyse im Detail: (10.7 Punkte, 7.0 benötigt)

Pkte Regelname Beschreibung
---- ---------------------- --------------------------------------------------
-1.0 ALL_TRUSTED Nachricht wurde nur über vertrauenswürdige Rechner
0.0 FSL_CTYPE_WIN1251 Content-Type only seen in 419 spam
0.2 FREEMAIL_REPLYTO_END_DIGIT Reply-To freemail username ends in
digit (mr.jonathageorge01[at]
1.5 SUBJ_ALL_CAPS Betreff enthält nur Großbuchstaben
1.0 MISSING_HEADERS Empfängeradresse ("To") fehlt
0.8 BAYES_50 BODY: Spamwahrscheinlichkeit nach Bayes-Test: 40-60%
[score: 0.4886]
0.0 LOTS_OF_MONEY Huge... sums of money
0.0 AXB_XMAILER_MIMEOLE_OL_024C2 Yet another X header trait
0.5 MISSING_MID Missing Message-Id: header
1.6 REPLYTO_WITHOUT_TO_CC No description available.
0.0 FSL_NEW_HELO_USER Spam's using Helo and User
0.0 FROM_MISSP_MSFT From misspaced + supposed Microsoft tool
0.0 FROM_MISSP_XPRIO Misspaced FROM + X-Priority
0.0 T_HK_NAME_MR_MRS No description available.
2.1 FREEMAIL_FORGED_REPLYTO Freemail in Reply-To, but not From
0.0 MONEY_FROM_MISSP Lots of money and misspaced From
0.0 TO_NO_BRKTS_FROM_MSSP Multiple header formatting problems
0.0 MONEY_ATM_CARD Lots of money on an ATM card
1.9 FORGED_MUA_OUTLOOK E-Mail täuscht E-Mail-Software Outlook vor
0.0 FILL_THIS_FORM Fill in a form with personal information
2.0 FILL_THIS_FORM_LONG Fill in a form with personal information
0.0 T_FILL_THIS_FORM_LOAN Answer loan question(s)
0.0 MONEY_FORM Lots of money if you fill out a form
0.0 T_FILL_THIS_FORM_FRAUD_PHISH Answer suspicious question(s)

Anti-fraud resources: