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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard maxwell <>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 21:26:06 -0700
Subject: Attention Please

CVS - #1334 on 717 14TH ST NW in Washington DC, 20005- 3200.

Have you been ready to receive your fund??

Hello dear how are you doing today,, am Richard Maxwell from MoneyGram
office am contacting you on behalf of your fund , you fund was transferred
to our office since last week and we have texted you mail many times but
didn't contact you maybe someone else is on your mail so we decid to
contact you number so you advise to come up immediately with your
receiving information now so that you will receive you first payment which
is the some of $5000 United States dollars but remember that you are going
to be receiving the some of$5000 United States dollars every day until you
complete the maximum amount of you fund which is the some of $10.5
millions United States dollars ,,, so you have to come up now with you
receiving information now,, such as
Full name..
Phone number...
I'd card....
Home or office address..

Anti-fraud resources: