fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "barr." (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Akinwumi Adesina" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 23:54:12 +0300
Subject: IMPORTANT NOTIFICATION!!
Ref: IMPORTANT NOTIFICATION!!
We received a New Payment Order dated 14th of August, 2021 to transfer your fund to you. We have already sent you two various notification mails regarding this New Development and it's surprising we haven't received any acknowledgement mail from you up till this time.
I am sending you this mail again as a REMINDER and to have your consent regarding the Authorization Letter we received from Barrister Park Kwang Myong with a copy of his Korean Passport No. M22425171 and was in the Company of two of his other counsels who undoubtedly claimed to be your representatives/next of Kin.
I am requesting you to personally consent to this CLAIM by Barr. Park Kwang Myong who equally submitted a receivers Bank Account with the National Bank of Bahrain as your legally acceptable receiving Bank details for the Fund transfer. Please re-confirm the stated Account details below as we noticed that the Account name is not your name:
Bank Name: National Bank of Bahrain.
Bank Address: Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.
Account number: 293389616
Swift Code: NBOBBHBMMTD
Account Name: Shaker Mansoor Habib Mansoor Alasfoor.
Address: Building 1077, Flat No. 11, Road 1437, Block 414 Daih.
It is our Banking rules that we must have direct email or telephone contact with the fund beneficiary first before we can finally release the fund, therefore I am officially contacting you directly on this Authorization Letter and a new Bank Account details submitted by Barr. Park Kwang Myong for the remittance of your $10.85 million.
Thank you for your attention and I look forward to your prompt answer.
Dr. Akinwumi Adesina
African Development Bank.