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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Loan" <>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 22:12:06 +0300
Subject: Get your Urgent 4% secure finance today.

Dear Sir / Madam,

We are expert in Finance, Investments, and Advisory. We grant loans to
interested investors, companies, and individuals for Debt
Consolidation, Buying, Building, Business Improving, Refinancing
Commercial Property and Personal Loan. Kindly revert back if you have
projects that needs funding for immediate consideration and
negotiation by contacting us with the below information.

Full Name:
Amount Needed:
Loan Duration:
Purpose of Loan:
Monthly Income:
Cell Phone:

Contact via email: for more details

Best Regards
Manuel Franco

Anti-fraud resources: