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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Peter Howard <>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 09:29:48 -0700

Hello my good friend

Good day and how are you today? hope all is well with you and your
family? I am using this opportunity to inform you that the
multi-million-dollar business has been concluded with the assistance
of another partner from India who financed the transaction to a
logical conclusion. Due to your effort, sincerity, courage and trust
worthiness you showed during the course of the transaction, I have
left an ATM visa Card for you worth $1,200 000.00 United states

Contact: Mr. Kenneth Williams
His email:

Do forward your full Name and telephone number/your home address to
him so that he can send the card to you

Thanks and God bless you and your family.

Hoping to hear from you.

Peter Howard

Anti-fraud resources: