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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. James Khumalo"<>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 18:26:27 +0200
Subject: RE:

Good Day,

I know this email might come to you as a surprise as first coming from one you haven’t met with before.
I am Mr. James Khumalo, the bank manager with ABSA bank of South Africa, and a personal banker of Dr.Mohamed Farouk Ibrahim, an Egyptian who happened to be a medical contractor attached to the overthrown Afghan government by the Taliban government.
Dr. Mohamed Farouk Ibrahim deposits some sum of money with our bank but died in a car accidents with his family while trying to leave from Kandahar during last upraise.
The said sum can be used for an investment if you are interested. Details relating to the funds are in my position and will present you as the Next-of-Kin because there was none, and I shall furnish you with more detail once your response.

Mr. James Khumalo
Tel: 27-632696383
South Africa

Anti-fraud resources: