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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mallam Mele Kyar <>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 06:18:12 +0100
Subject: Eng. Mallam Mele Kyar


I am Eng. Mallam Mele Kyar the Managing Director of Nigerian
National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC).
I have $100,000,000 ( One hundred Million USD ) for Investment in your Country.
I will need your support for mutual benefit in this regard.

Please get back to me urgently if you can handle the investment for more
details or kindly delete this email if you are not interested for
security reasons.

Contact me in my email below for more information
Private email: (

Kind regards,
Eng. Mallam Mele Kyar
Managing Director of Nigerian National Petroleum

Anti-fraud resources: